benchmarking of entrepreneurship education
IN selected EU & north-american countries
1. Project title: RESEARCHES REGARDING THE HARMONIZATION OF THE ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION OF ROMANIAN
UNIVERSITIES TO THE EUROPEAN UNION AND EASTERN
2. Purpose: To collect current practice in entrepreneurship education at the Romanian universities as well as collect best practices and curriculums in entrepreneurship education in the old, new and associated EU countries as well as in North-America in order to develop and establish an advance similar education in the country too.
4. Implementing Agency:
of Economics, Law and Administrative Sciences,
(ii) ERENET Entrepreneurship Research and Education Network of Central European Universities
5. Responsible project officers:
Prof. Zsuzsanna Katalin Szabó, Dean of Faculty of Economics, Law and Administrative Sciences, Petru Maior
6. Project Committee:
Prof. Zsuzsanna Katalin Szabó, Dean of Faculty of Economics, Law and Administrative
Dr. Antal Szabó, Scientific Director of ERENET
7. Description of project:
The objectives of the
present project, elaborated by the academic staff of Management-Economics
Department of Petru Maior University of Targu-Mures, are the same as the global
objectives of CNCSIS contest 2007:
scientific research development in the process of human resources
development. The research is oriented to an educational component which support
the economy based on knowledge and innovation, entrepreneurship, sustainable
development, elaboration and development of the research networks. The project
wishes to gather information in the field of investigation and implementation
of the entrepreneurial education in the Romanian universities, specialised
8. Participating countries:
(possible candidates still in progress)
Associated EU countries:
Background of the Project
The entrepreneurial education begins early in the past, and the familiar
framework represents an extremely influent human factor that a series of
specialized papers mention as a determinant factor. Unfortunately, excepting
According to David. Smallbone in “The Distinctions of Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies”r published in Small Business Economies 16 (2001), page 249-262, and Kluwer Academic Publisher Netherlands, neither the recent history of these countries can represent an authentic model for the entrepreneurship based on knowledge, over 40% of the Eastern European countries businesses representing “the translation of the already performing activities from the public sector, the identified type of entrepreneurship being a type of “nomenclature business”, with thousands of companies operating in a formal economy, with only one employee, part-time business, without any elements of innovation and value for client, in these companies the bureaucratic structures from the state sector being copied and respected just so”.
Fortunately, in 2002, the Ministry of Education and Research from
Unfortunately, within the Romanian higher education, despite the numerous internal political actions and the research found in the literature worldwide, there is paying only a reduced attention to the entrepreneurial education and there is no scientific approach of the formative actions at the university level so that the profession and the specific process of the Romanian entrepreneurship in the society based on knowledge can be carried out appropriately, efficiently and effectively.
The entrepreneurial education in universities already began in 1930 in
In the last decade of the 20th Century, a series of countries Australia, Brazil, India, Southern Korea, England, Ireland, France, Germany, Holland, have started entrepreneurial education programmes at the university level, and following the transition to a market economy is has been started in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and the Baltic countries, Poland, Czech Republic.
Regarding the major role of entrepreneurial education in universities there are numerous papers (Franke, 2004) in article “Entrepreneurial Intentions of Business Students: A Benchmarking Study” published in International Journal of Innovation & Technology Management. “All over the world there are rapidly developing the businesses based on new technologies within the small and medium sized companies, area that needs technically specialized staff, with knowledge in the business domain, to manage the organizations and groups, so the formation education in the domain of entrepreneurship must be developed”.
In an article on “Impact of Entrepreneurship Education. A Comparative Study of the USA and Korea”, published in International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal (1) 2005, page 27-43, Springer-Science Inc, USA, the authors analyse the entrepreneurship in different national and organizational cultures, identifying the differences, interest and intentions to develop businesses at student groups level and the influence of some significant variables on the entrepreneurial education: motivation, education, knowledge, faith in own forces, abilities in creating and managing businesses, team work, etc. Two conclusions have to be pointed out from the above mentioned work: “…entrepreneurial education represents the trigger that motivates and impulsions business creation based on turning the knowledge to account, the important entrepreneurs have not grown instantly, they are the product of society and a national culture oriented towards entrepreneurship…”.
The entrepreneurial phenomenon, in all its complexity, is studied in
most of the EU countries, in Asia,
The Romanian papers that approach entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial education are rare, there can be mentioned few researchers and academic staff with relevant results: O. Nicolescu, I. Abrudan, I. Mihut, C. Russu, L. Marian, a Ph.D. thesis written by S. Vaduva and a series of proceedings published in the volumes of national and international conferences of which we note the significant contribution of the researchers from the Petru Maior University of Targu-Mures.
Justification of the Project
immediate objective of this project will be the analysis of the various
university curricula and modalities of national entrepreneurship education at
Bachelor, Master and Doctorandus levels fists of all at the universities and
Immediate Objective 1: Preparing Questionnaire on Entrepreneurship
2: Benchmarking of Best Practices in
The ERENET Network
Secretary in cooperation with the
ERENET jointly with the
Immediate Objective 3: Development of Entrepreneurship Education Web-site
Immediate Objective 4: Study tour and participation in entrepreneurship-oriented international events.
Within the framework of the project study tour will be designed to make acquainted and visit leading university departments in selected EU countries. The Project management is envisaged to participate in relevant international events related to entrepreneurship and enterprise development. The Petru Maior team will collect and purchase relevant literature on entrepreneurship and enterprise development, which will serve as basis for the new entrepreneurship curricula.
Immediate Objective 5: Organizing Workshop on Benchmarking of University Entrepreneurship Education and preparing publication
The findings and national country studies will be presented and discussed within the framework of the 3rd ICELM Conference – ICELM is the abbreviation of the International Conference on Economics, Law and Management – to be held last week of May and first week of June 2008 at the Petru Maior University. The studies and proceeding of the Workshop will be published in form of hard copy.
This project will be coordinated by As. Prof. Zsuzsanna Katalin Szabó, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Juridical and Administrative Sciences at the Petru Maior University of Targu-Muresh (Romania) in cooperation with Dr. Antal Szabó, UN retired Regional Adviser on Entrepreneurship and SMEs, and Scientific Director of ERENET, in cooperation If you have any question please do not hesitate to contact Prof. Zsuzsanna Szabó by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org or Dr. Antal Szabó by e-mail at email@example.com
ERENET Network through it comprehensive group of experts will assist in collecting data and best practices in national entrepreneurship education curricula and practice.
The address of the coordination Secretary at the Faculty of Economics, Juridical and Administrative Sciences is as following:
As. Prof. Zsuzsanna Katalin Szabó, PhD
Faculty of Economics, Law and Administrative Sciences
LIVEZENI nr. 69
Phone/Fax: (+40-265) 219034